Ultrasound (sonography) is used to evaluate the uterus and ovaries.
Sonography is used to help evaluate problems such as pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding or pelvic and ovarian masses.
A pelvic sonogram is usually first performed transabdominally (through the front of the abdomen). A full bladder is important for optimal visualization of the pelvic organs. After applying ultrasound gel to the abdomen, the sonographer takes several images of the uterus, ovaries, and surrounding tissues.
A transvaginal sonogram is then performed with an empty bladder for more detailed images of the uterus and ovaries. The vaginal transducer may be introduced by the patient or the sonographer. Transvaginal ultrasound is particularly helpful for evaluating the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus).
The patient should arrive to the appointment with a full bladder. She should drink at least 16 ounces of fluid one hour before the scheduled appointment.
The sonographer will do her best to provide you with a comfortable experience.